February 20, 2024
Uncovering the Past: Life in Egypt 700 Years Ago

Uncovering the Past: Life in Egypt 700 Years Ago


As we journey through the annals of history, we encounter countless fascinating chapters that provide insight into the lives and experiences of people from bygone eras. In this article, we turn our attention to Egypt seven centuries ago, a time marked by significant political, social, and cultural developments. From the vibrant capital city of Cairo to the fertile Nile Valley, we will explore the daily life, traditions, and values that defined the lives of Egyptians in the 14th century.

A Time of Transition: Egypt Under the Mamluk Sultanate

During the 14th century, Egypt was ruled by the Mamluk Sultanate, a powerful Islamic dynasty that emerged from the ranks of enslaved soldiers known as Mamluks. The Mamluks were renowned for their military skill and commitment to upholding Islamic principles, and they presided over a period of relative stability and prosperity in Egypt.

Under Mamluk rule, Egypt continued to be a leading center of culture, commerce, and learning, attracting artists, scholars, and traders from across the Islamic world and beyond.

The Epicenter of Life: Cairo’s Flourishing Urban Landscape

Cairo, the capital of Egypt, remained a thriving metropolis under the Mamluk Sultanate. The city was a bustling hub of activity, with its markets, mosques, and madrasas playing an integral role in the day-to-day lives of its inhabitants.

Cairo’s vibrant markets, or souks, offered a rich array of goods, from luxurious textiles and intricate metalwork to exotic spices and agricultural produce. These markets were not only places of trade but also vital centers of social interaction, where people from diverse backgrounds came together to exchange news, ideas, and stories.

A Mosaic of Faith: Religion in 14th-century Egypt

Religion played a central role in the lives of Egyptians during the 14th century, with Islam being the dominant faith under the Mamluk Sultanate. The Mamluk rulers were known for their piety and patronage of religious institutions, resulting in the construction of numerous grand mosques and madrasas throughout Egypt.

These religious institutions served as centers of Islamic learning and scholarship, attracting students and scholars from across the Islamic world. In addition to the majority Muslim population, Egypt was also home to significant Christian and Jewish communities, who were generally allowed to practice their faiths freely under Mamluk rule. This religious diversity contributed to a rich and dynamic cultural landscape, characterized by interaction, collaboration, and mutual respect among people of different faiths.

Family Life and Social Traditions in 14th-century Egypt

The family unit was a vital pillar of Egyptian society during the 14th century, providing support, stability, and continuity in a rapidly changing world. Marriage was an important institution, with families often arranging unions to solidify alliances and strengthen social ties.

Daily life in 14th-century Egypt was shaped by a combination of traditional customs and Islamic teachings, with gender roles largely conforming to established norms. Men typically assumed public roles as providers and decision-makers, while women were primarily responsible for childcare and household management. However, women in Egypt enjoyed a comparatively higher degree of autonomy and legal rights than their counterparts in many other societies of the time, including the right to own property, seek divorce, and engage in business.


Life in Egypt 700 years ago was a rich tapestry of cultural, religious, and social influences that shaped the experiences of its people. As we delve into the daily life, traditions, and values of 14th-century Egyptians, we gain a deeper appreciation for the resilience and adaptability of human societies, as well as the timeless values that continue to inform our contemporary world. By understanding the past, we not only satisfy our curiosity but also enrich our perspective on the cultural heritage that has shaped Egypt’s identity throughout history.