February 20, 2024
Dining in Ancient Egypt: A Fascinating Look at the Tools and Utensils Used by the Pharaohs

Dining in Ancient Egypt: A Fascinating Look at the Tools and Utensils Used by the Pharaohs


Ancient Egypt, a civilization known for its architectural marvels, intricate art, and a rich cultural history, also had a distinctive culinary culture that reflected the society’s tastes and preferences. While some aspects of ancient Egyptian dining may seem familiar to modern-day food enthusiasts, the tools and utensils used by the ancient Egyptians to prepare and consume their meals were quite unique. In this article, we will delve into the fascinating world of ancient Egyptian dining tools, providing insights into the culinary customs and practices of this remarkable civilization.

Preparing and Serving Food in Ancient Egypt

The ancient Egyptians used a variety of tools and utensils to prepare and serve their meals. Some of these items were made from materials such as wood, stone, and pottery, while others were crafted from more precious metals like gold and silver, particularly for the elite members of society. A few noteworthy examples of ancient Egyptian food preparation and serving tools include:

  1. Mortar and Pestle: One of the most essential tools in ancient Egyptian kitchens, the mortar and pestle were used for grinding and crushing various ingredients, such as herbs, spices, and grains. These tools were typically made from materials like limestone, basalt, or wood.
  2. Grinding Stones: Ancient Egyptians used grinding stones, often called querns, to process grains like barley and emmer wheat into flour. These grinding stones consisted of a stationary lower stone and a movable upper stone, which were rubbed together to crush the grains.
  3. Pottery and Ceramic Vessels: Ceramic and pottery vessels played a crucial role in ancient Egyptian food storage and cooking. These containers came in various shapes and sizes, and were used to store, cook, and serve food and beverages.
  4. Spoons and Ladles: Spoons and ladles made from wood, bone, or ivory were used for stirring and serving soups, stews, and other liquid-based dishes. Some spoons were purely utilitarian, while others were elaborately decorated, reflecting the social status of their owners.

Dining Utensils and Tableware in Ancient Egypt

While the ancient Egyptians did not use modern-day cutlery like forks and knives, they employed various other utensils and tableware items to enjoy their meals. Some key examples of ancient Egyptian dining utensils include:

  1. Handheld Eating Utensils: The ancient Egyptians often used their hands to eat, but they also had a variety of handheld eating utensils such as spoons and flatbread as a means to scoop up food. These spoons were made from materials like wood, bone, ivory, or even precious metals for the upper classes.
  2. Plates and Bowls: Ancient Egyptian plates and bowls were typically made from pottery or wood, and were used to serve a variety of dishes, including bread, vegetables, fruits, and stews. The design and decoration of these tableware items often indicated the social status of their owners.
  3. Drinking Vessels: The ancient Egyptians enjoyed a variety of beverages, such as beer, wine, and water. Drinking vessels were crafted from pottery, stone, or glass and were used to serve and consume these beverages. Some drinking vessels were intricately decorated, particularly those used by the elite members of society.
  4. Napkins and Table Linens: While not exactly utensils, ancient Egyptians used linen napkins and tablecloths to maintain cleanliness and decorum during meals. These linens were often adorned with intricate patterns and designs, reflecting the wealth and status of the household.


The dining tools and utensils used by the ancient Egyptians provide a fascinating glimpse into the culinary culture and practices of this remarkable civilization. From grinding stones and pottery vessels to intricately decorated spoons and drinking cups, the tools used to prepare and consume food in ancient Egypt showcase the ingenuity and craftsmanship of a society that valued both function and aesthetics in their everyday lives. By understanding these unique dining tools, we can gain a deeper appreciation for the culinary traditions and customs that shaped the lives of the ancient Egyptians and continue to influence modern Egyptian cuisine today.